The IAEA this week designated the Moroccan Agency of Nuclear and Radiological Safety and Security (AMSSNuR) as the first African IAEA Capacity Building Centre (CBC) for Emergency Preparedness and Response (EPR), bringing the total of such centres worldwide to seven.
The designation of the centre was part of an agreement on cooperation for radiological EPR education, training, knowledge management and networking and human resource development, signed on May 21 in Vienna by IAEA Deputy Director General Juan Carlos Lentijo, Head of the Department of Nuclear Safety and Security, and Khammar Mrabit, Director General of the AMSSNuR.
“The IAEA appreciates the willingness of AMSSNuR to expand the IAEA’s network of CBCs for EPR,” said Mr Lentijo. “With this signing, we strengthen our cooperation to build EPR expertise in Africa.”
The Moroccan EPR CBC will organize, in collaboration with the IAEA, training workshops and other events to enable African countries to strengthen their national EPR capacities. The Centre will share knowledge on the IAEA safety standards and the IAEA’s series of EPR publications through lectures and practical demonstrations.
Lasers, atom traps, krypton. These exciting, isotope hydrology techniques were discussed, together with the importance of big data, during the IAEA’s International Symposium on Isotope Hydrology that took place in Vienna this week. Almost 250 international experts from 78 countries exchanged ideas and knowledge on this wide-reaching application of nuclear technology.
“This IAEA Isotope Hydrology Symposium is a testament to the important role nuclear techniques have played in improving water management for almost 60 years,” said Melissa Denecke, Director of the IAEA’s Division of Physical and Chemical Sciences.
Understanding water problems
At the Symposium, experts shared examples of how countries, cities and regions are facing varying degrees of water stress, ranging from overexploitation of aquifers and surface waters, to drought and water shortages, to systemic and widespread surface and groundwater pollution.
Although United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 6 includes access to safe water for everyone by 2030, statistics from the Global Water Institute suggest that 700 million people worldwide could be displaced by intense water scarcity as soon as 2030. This is so because, globally, water supplies are being stretched beyond sustainable limits to meet the growing demands from population growth and intensive agriculture.
“Overall, the global trajectory for sustainable and clean water looks rather bleak in many regions, and yet we have also seen positive signs that are a testament to taking serious action on water issues,” Denecke said. She gave the example of the changing attitudes on conserving water in Cape Town, South Africa, after their water crisis, or the long-term reversal of serious nitrate contamination of shallow aquifers in the Netherlands. “These, in the global context, are but small costly steps in the right direction,” she said.
To read more about the work of the IAEA in Isotope Hydrology, read our latest Bulletin on Water.
The BIG potential for nuclear micro-reactors The U.S. nuclear energy sector is going through one of the most innovative and transformative times in our history.We are literally witnessing the advent of an entirely new class of advanced reactors that will soon come in a wide variety of sizes and applications.More than 50 U.S. companies are working on designs that are smaller, scalable, versatile and even mobile—providing far greater access to nuclear power than ever before.Micro-reactors will likely be the first advanced reactors that we see enter the U.S. market.American developers are currently working on gas and heat pipe-cooled designs that could debut by the mid-2020s, which will be absolute game-changers for the industry. Analysis: THE BIG potential of nuclear micro-reactors U.S. Department of Energy's Ed McGinnis discusses the potential impact of nuclear micro-reactors. SMALL AND VERSATILE.Micro-reactors are simply smaller, factory-built systems that can be easily transported by trucks, ships, airplanes or railcars.Some micro-reactors can be set up in days, not years, to provide reliable heat and power to a host of places, ranging from residential and remote areas to military bases.Micro-reactors may be small but they pack a real punch in terms of power.A single unit typically generates 1 to 10 megawatts-electric.To put this in perspective, a single megawatt of electricity can power approximately 1,000 homes. That means these systems could provide up to 10,0000 homes with clean power—24 hours a day, 7 days a week—for 10 years without stopping! That is remarkable.They can also be used for other applications such as community heating or to provide clean drinking water. To put it simply, micro-reactors can operate in places large reactors can’t. They provide choice to customers that need a constant and reliable source of clean power without the costs of a large construction project.
Click above to download our micro-reactor infographic. POWERING REMOTE LOCATIONS.Micro-reactors are ultra-hardened, ultra-safe and highly efficient systems that can operate for 10 years or more without refueling.Many companies are looking at the diesel generator market as one possible entry point.Remote areas and even our own military bases are at risk to supply chain disruptions and high energy costs that could leave them without power if a shipment is missed.A micro-reactor eliminates this risk by providing fuel security and emissions-free electricity around-the-clock for years to come without interruption.PRODUCT CHOICE.The U.S.
Department of Energy is partnering with a number of micro-reactor developers to help bring these innovative designs to market. The success of U.S. micro-reactors has the potential to literally change peoples’ lives and empower communities in ways never before realized. While the role of large reactors continues to be important to our nation and others around the world, we can’t just have a choice of large and larger nuclear reactors. The customer needs product choice and that is precisely what these smaller systems provide.It’s a privilege to be working with so many innovative companies