This research aims to describe future expectations of immigrant families and classroom teachers about students of Primary Education in the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country. First generation transnational immigrant settlement in the last decade highlights the need to pay attention to the processes of incorporation of their children. Expectations with respect to academic and professional achievements, language learning and development of social relationships of 302 immigrant families and their form tutor are studied. Results indicate a direct relationship between the expectations of families and teachers in academic achievement when it comes to college expectations and Secondary Education. It highlights, simultaneously, a direct positive relationship between teachers’ and families’ expectations towards Basque and English achievement, being highest the families’ ones towards Basque achievement, and very similar in the case of English achievement. The families’ and teachers’ expectations regarding professional achievement, Spanish language learning, the maintenance of the language of origin as well as the development of social relations are not directly related.
The aim of this work is to present the adaptation to the European Higher Education Area of a questionnaire on the opinions of University of the Basque Country students about their lecturers teaching process. This process undertaken at the University used a mixed methodology approach. After reviewing questionnaires from other universities, taking into account the theoretical framework of the new questionnaire, the transversal skills adopted by the University and the three dimensions set out by ANECA, a series of indicators and possible items deemed suitable to be included in the new questionnaire were drawn up. This theoretical framework, the indicators and the items were all compared and contrasted within various focus groups undertaken with experts in the topic, with lecturers from the different areas of the University, and with students. Based on this comparison, the pilot questionnaire, which had 18 items plus two more criterion-referenced items, was drawn up. This was applied to a sample of almost one thousand students. The analyses carried out to compare the efficacy of the items, as well as the reliability and the validity of the test, show that the questionnaire rigorously complies with the standards required by this type of instrument. Finally, in the discussion of the results, certain controversial aspects, or those relating to improving the evaluation of the university teaching staff, are presented. Indicated amongst these aspects, is the need to incorporate the questionnaire into a more wider-ranging evaluation plan, such as DOCENTIA, the possibility of creating banks of items, the inclusion of open items and the exigency of undertaking on-line applications of the questionnaire.
Even though games have been studied and described from multiple perspectives, highlighting their importance in human development, their use in education seems to be largely restricted to preschool education. In this sense, teacher motivation for the integration of new methodologies (including games) seems to be relevant when studying change and improvement in education. The aim of this paper is to present a scale that can help to study motivation for the use of the game. We report its psychometric characteristics. The Motivation Scale for the Game (EMJ, by its acronym in Spanish) has been built from Eccles and Wigfield’s Expectancy & Value Model (2002). The EMJ scale asses perception of competence to implement playful activities/elements in instructional design (expectation) and the value assigned to the 4 components of task value (utility, importance, interest and cost). The structure of the instrument, its theoretical foundations and its factorial structure and reliability are reported from a Chilean teachers simple. The results shows psychometric characteristics that make EMJ a solid, reliable and valid instrument that can provide clues for motivational intervention in the school setting.
This article helps to reflect on the most relevant characteristics of research journals of excellence, on those quality editorial management traits that facilitate the work of disseminating the findings of researchers in education so that they can contribute, along with all international researchers, to the central knowledge of science.
Despite the increase in Latin America of Higher Education coverage, grave dropout problems persist that question the role of educational experiences to foster students’ academic engagement. This study was carried out in Colombia and sought to establish the relationship between the five benchmarks that compose academic engagement and the academic performance of a group of Colombian university students. The transversal and correlational study used the Spanish version of the National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE) that measures students’ level of participation in five dimensions: Academic challenge, active and collaborative learning, student-faculty interaction, enriching educational experiences, and supportive campus environment and its relationship to academic performance. The findings of 1906 students from 7 universities indicate that there are statistically significant, but weak correlations between the items that compose the benchmarks and students’ academic performance, which lead to reflect upon key aspects to strengthen the education experiences offered to university students.
Learning Oriented e-Assessment (e-LOA) is an ICT mediated learning process. It promotes the development of competences that are relevant to both students’ academic present and professional future. In this quasi-experimental research a pretest-posttest design with experimental and control groups is implemented. We believe that the actions of e-LOA favors further development of competences. The results show that in the experimental groups there is an improvement on the level of competence. Significant differences have been found between the pretest and posttest. In addition, there is a consistency between the competences that have improved and those considered in the literature (creativity, problem solving ...). La e-Evaluación orientada al aprendizaje (e-EOA) es un proceso de aprendizaje, mediado por las TIC, que promueve el desarrollo de competencias útiles para el presente académico y el futuro laboral de los estudiantes. En esta investigación cuasi-experimental, con diseño pretest-postest con grupos experimentales y de control, consideramos que las actuaciones de la e-EOA (VI) favorecen un mayor desarrollo de competencias (VD). Los resultados revelan que en los grupos experimentales se mejora el nivel competencial y existen diferencias significativas entre su pretest-postest. Además, se comprueba que las competencias que mejoran son coherentes con la teoría planteada (creatividad, resolución de problemas…).
This article presents the main results of the investigation Curriculum Characterisation Assessed in Sixth Grade Mathematics: Guidelines for the Initial and Continuous Training of Teachers, which aims to describe and analyse what is being evaluated in sixth grade mathematics and how, in the region of Valparaiso, Chile. A total of 103 written mathematic tests conducive to grading from 27 educational institutions were analysed. A group of codes refers to both the formal aspects and mathematical contents, while mathematical skills were applied to these tests and respective questions (2,516). Researchers conclude students are mainly required to provide close and unique answers, which evaluate the memorization and solution of exercises in a mechanical way, and the coverage level of the curriculum prescribed by the Ministry of Education is low, where most mathematical contents and abilities are below the sixth grade level.
Over the last two decades as a result of the introduction and intensive use of technologies for information and knowledge in general, from the internet in particular, the university is living in a process of complete transformation that affects it´s academic and organizational structures as well as the conception of educational methodology. The ICTs have demonstrated a need to establish coherent institutional strategies in their use and application along with the possibility to expand the sphere of institutional action in regards massive access to higher education. All of this shows an existing change from a model of education based on the transmission of knowledge, that was rather limited and under restricted access, to another that should fundamentally facilitate the competence to learn from people that live in the world in constant change, with open access to information and knowledge. In addition, all of this implies a transformation in the dynamics of communication and diffusion of scientific knowledge, that is now converted into something open and accessible which is subject to an analysis of knowledge social networks.
In the field of Educational Evaluation, the Criterion-Referenced Evaluation is a very relevant, though incipient approach. In this paper, we present a simulation study oriented to the analysis of a reliability index: the index po calculated by means of the Huynh’s method for criterion-referenced tests. The simulation study has been carried out with the aid of computer software developed ad hoc. The aim of this paper is to describe the influence of two variables – the distribution shape and the mean- on that index. The conclusion is that both variables consistently affect the reliability index. Furthermore, the obtained evidence brings relevant information about desirable metrical characteristics for applied use of the index in the criterion-referenced tests. En el ámbito de la Evaluación Educativa, la Evaluación Criterial es una corriente muy importante, aunque incipiente. En este artículo, presentamos un estudio de simulación cuyo propósito es el análisis de un índice de fiabilidad: el índice po de Huynh para pruebas de referencia criterial, El estudio de simulación se ha realizado con la ayuda de un programa de ordenador creado para tal fin. El objetivo es describir la influencia de dos variables –la forma de la distribución y la media- en este índice. La conclusión es que ambas variables están afectando consistentemente el índice de fiabilidad. Además, las evidencias obtenidas aportan información relevante sobre características métricas deseables para la posterior utilización del índice en las pruebas criteriales.
This article analyzes the research output of doctoral theses in the field of Education defended in Spain from 1841-2012. It offers a quantified global and diachronic view of such series. As a landmark to note is the fact that until 1954, obtaining a doctoral degree was centralized at the Complutense University of Madrid. They are used as search engines bibliographic databases: TESEO and institutional repositories, and basic bibliography of the area to carry out the collection of the sample. The contrasting hypothesis is to verify whether the time series partially follows the pattern of growth of the science of Derek J. de Solla Price. The central finding is that the Spanish production of doctoral theses in education is adjusted to a quasi-logistic model with a worrying falling trend in the last twelve years.
Because of the acquired relevance of learning management systems in higher education, and the spread of the use of the Moodle platform in many academic institutions, a scale of perceived usefulness of the Moodle in this context is designed, and the psychometric validity of the scale has been tested. The aim is to provide a reliable and valid instrument to measure the students’ perception about the usefulness of Moodle. The study obtained a sample of 754 subjects from the population of university students in fields of Educational Sciences. The results show that the scale evaluates the utility of the platform adequately in five dimensions: content, activities, assessment, interaction and learning. Finally, a discussion is developed about the usefulness of the scale to evaluate the usefulness of Moodle and to implement processes to improve its use in higher education institutions.
Coinciding with the first 20 years of RELIEVE, this article presents a comparative analysis of the historical milestones of the journal and the worldwide Open Access movement, in order to better frame its evolution. We review some of the principal contributions made in the field of scientific communication during these two decades: the appearance and development of electronic journals, the development of the Open Access movement, the appearance of repositories, the development of platforms to manage articles, new databases, etc.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the Electronic Journal of Educational Research (REDIE) on its path towards the common manner of scientific dissemination. This research presents the evolution of Mexican policy with regards to the journals, the situation of the Educational Research Mexican journals, and its profundity relating to REDIE. In its evolution, there were three moments that stood out the most: the standardization of quality criteria, the digitalization and open access of the scientific journals, those that came together with REDIE like REDALYC and LATINDEX , and the individual initiatives of those journals that motivated the development of the scientific dissemination in Mexico. The investigation concludes with the realization of the necessity of achieving agreement on the efforts of various principal actors: governmental bodies, institutions, and academic communities.
RELIEVE reaches 20 years, a milestone in electronic publishing and the open access to educational research. We review some of the achievements and future prospects, as well as analyze some circumstances of journal evaluation processes.
The Spanish scientific journals on education have experience an exponential growth in recent decades. The reasons are closely related to the supranational policies of university quality assessment, with specific emphasis on research output with "impact". This way, in just twenty years, Spanish journals have become, in detriment of books, in the main channel of communication of the also increasing educational research. In an extremely competitive global context, dominated by Anglo-Saxon culture, the Spanish journals have made a significant improvement in the quality of editorial management processes, in accordance with international quality indicators. However, access to the most recognized indexing, such as Web of Science or Scopus, and especially competing in impact factor (number of citations), is a mission almost impossible for our journals. This article focuses, on the one hand, on the evolution of the Spanish educational journals, the analysis of its growth and its international presence. On the other hand, quality indicators and the indexing that categorize journals, both nationally and globally, as well as its problems and limitations, are discussed. It is a descriptive study that analyzes indicators and classifications of various selective data bases consulted through documentary and digital sources. Finally, it presents a prediction of the short term evolution of impact metrics (altrimetrics) and how they should be addressed. It also discusses the importance of establishing government policies on the assessment of research that are transparent and in accordance with the area where there is a need to combine our scientific production in Spanish and international journals.
This article presents the results of the empirical validation of the questionnaire ActEval (Self-Report on the Evaluation Activity of university teachers). ActEval attempts to identify how important teachers consider a variety of assessment tasks, whether they feel competent, and to what extent they use them in their daily practice, in line with the new competences under the European Higher Education Area. Validation is studied using Non-Metric Multidimensional Scaling (PROXSCAL) and the reliability results show high levels of internal consistency. The data suggest that some items in the questionnaire should be reviewed in order to obtain an effective tool for the analysis of evaluation practice. El presente artículo tiene como objetivo presentar los resultados de la validación empírica del cuestionario ActEval (Autoinforme sobre la Actividad Evaluadora del profesorado universitario), que permite conocer en qué medida el profesorado universitario considera importante, se siente competente y utiliza una serie de tareas de evaluación orientada al aprendizaje en su práctica diaria, acordes con las nuevas competencias derivadas del Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior. Los resultados de fiabilidad muestran elevados índices de consistencia interna y la validación empírica mediante el procedimiento de Escalamiento Multidimensional No-Métrico (PROXSCAL) sugiere la revisión de algunos ítems del cuestionario para obtener un instrumento eficaz para el análisis de la práctica evaluadora.
This research seeks to identify possible predictors of the difficulty level of reading comprehension items used in a standardized psychometric test for university admission. Several potential predictors of difficulty were proposed, namely, propositional density, negations, grammatical structure, vocabulary difficulty, presence of enhancement elements (words highlighted typographically), item abstraction level and degree of similarity between correct option and relevant text to resolve the item. By Linear Logistic Test Model (Fisher, 1973) it was found that the number of propositions, the syntactic structure, and fundamentally, the presence of difficult words contributed to the prediction of the item difficulty level.
During 2009/2010, the current research was conducted with the aim of analysing student and teaching staff on regarding student participation in assessment. A content analysis of 76 subject outlines was carried out, and then 40 member of the teaching staff and 614 university students were surveyed. The results of the content analysis prove there is a shortage of information about and programming for student participation in assessment. Durante el curso 2009/2010 se llevó a cabo esta investigación con el objetivo de analizar la opinión y perspectiva que profesores y estudiantes universitarios tienen sobre la participación de estos últimos en el proceso de evaluación. Se realizó un análisis de contenido de 76 programas de asignaturas universitarias y se encuestaron mediante dos cuestionarios a 40 profesores y 614 estudiantes universitarios. Los resultados muestran una escasez de evidencias sobre la participación real de los estudiantes. Además, confirman opiniones divergentes entre docentes y estudiantes sobre los usos y las formas en las que se concreta esta participación activa en la evaluación.
This paper presents the most relevant results of a study in which opinions of the teachers in the area of Fresno (Central California, USA) about the effects of the integration of mobile devices into the teaching-learning process. Among other objectives, this study has tried to analyze the influence of mobile learning over three very important learning factors: affective-emotional (motivation), ethic-social (social skills) and the cognitive one (cognitive skills). In order to carry out this study, a descriptive methodological approach was adopted, using the survey technique as the most adequate method to collect teachers´ opinions in a relatively fast and precise way. Obtained results show a widespread agreement among teachers about the pedagogical potential of mobile devices as a tool to improve learning quality. In general terms, conclusions suggest an improvement in the students’ interest on educational tasks, an increase during study activities, a better collaborative work, as well as an improvement of creativity and information acquisition.
In Spain, within the framework of the Strategy 2015, the implementation of scholarships, grants and wages especially adapted to the new situation of the European Higher Education, intended to ensure access to university education to those most disadvantaged social groups economically. This research makes an ex post facto, descriptive-comparative aimed at assessing the impact of the grant salary, as an economic factor, on equity, access and academic performance in the first year of college. The study was conducted with a total of 10,394 new students in the 2010-11 cohort at the University of Barcelona, from the database from the institution itself. A total of 642 students agreed to grant salary, with differences depending on the branch of knowledge, gender, and the path to college. In relation to their peers, scholarship students come from families with occupations and / or study less, so scholarships model contributes to equity in access. In relation to performance analysis, scholarship students enrolled and present, on average, a larger number of subjects in order to meet the academic requirements for scholarship renewal, but the results are final academic in several branches knowledge, influenced negatively. One possible explanation is the largest academic pressure of this group in a phase usually complicated: the transition to college.