Nationalism threatens to imbue modem Japan with a rationale for increased militarism. Post-war nationalism was a reason Japan had launched war abroad, but the reinvigoration of Japanese nationalism is burgeoning under two-term Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. His sense of nationalism, which has domestic and international repercussions, has developed under the influence of his family political genes. Abe＇s nationalism is being carried out in internal and external policies, with increasingly negative impact on domestic and regional order. The international community should remain vigilant of his right-wing politics.
The international situation is evolving more impressively than it has at any time since the end of the Cold War. Globalization has been in decline. Nations are scrambling to gain greater influence. The intemational strategic pattern is being adjusted. Many countries have problems with public management, and are faced with a new array of social trends and increasingly popular movements. The world is entering a new era full of chaos and anxiety. Mankind once again faces significant trade-offs and choices in peace and conflict, development and recession, openness and isolation, liberalism and conservatism. China strives to advocate win-win cooperation and lead the trend of reform and opening to maintain a favorable external environment despite world chaos, and enhance status and institutional fights in the international system. China＇s 30 years of development was successful in the process of integrating into the existing international system; China is a participant as well as a builder of the international system, rather than a challenger or a subversive. In the future, with a constructive attitude, China will promote the international system in a more reasonable direction together with international partners, in order to better safeguard world peace and security, and promote sustainable development throughout the world.
Recently, the international campaign against terrorism has made great achievements, with Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the leader of the Islamic State （IS） killed, the last city Mosul the IS controlled in Iraq liberated and its so-called capital Raqqa in Syria besieged. The visible ＂Caliphate＂ of the IS is breaking up with an obvious trend of declining, which will return to a normal terrorist group from a new-type and semi-militarized terrorist organization with an independent army, territories and administrative systems. Such a change will bring about new uncertainties to the IS itself and the environment of international terrorism. For some time to come in the future, how to cope with the impact brought about by such a change of the IS will become a major issue of the international community.
Participation, support and understanding of countries along the Belt and Road are requisites for promoting and implementing this major initiative. Indonesia, a major ASEAN economy, is crucial but Indonesia has a limited perception of the B＆R initiative. Although its government welcomes it and the ruling coalition cooperates positively, parts of the military and opposition are skeptical of China＇s intent. The B＆R initiative is well-received among the Indonesian Chinese group, while Indonesian academic circles remain cautious and somewhat critical. From a Chinese viewpoint, easing negative or hostile emotions appropriately would be well-timed. China should settle the Natuna issue, adjust its publicity in Indonesia, use diplomacy, and promote Sino-Indonesia cultural exchange and communications. Chinese enterprises should focus on project quality and uphold social responsibilities. Short-term goals are reducing Indonesia＇s opposition and obstruction of B＆R, while long-term goals are enhancing the recognition and likeability of the Initiative＇s worthwhile plans.
In recent years, Turkey has turned from merging with the West to ＂returning to the Middle East＂ and become an ambitious but indispensible force in regional affairs. On the one hand, the extent of Turkey＇ s involvement in the regional affairs in the Middle East has never been seen before： supporting Islamic forces such as the ＂Muslim Brotherhood＂, which has made Turkey fall in enmity with the Sisi regime of Egypt and the traditional Monarchies of the Gulf; getting actively involved in the Israeli-Palestinian issue, backing Hamas and providing humanitarian assistance to Palestine;
Since the Party＇s 18th National Congress, ＂major country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics＂ has come to the fore. With China＇s influence in regional and global affairs apparent to all, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core grasped international context changes and responded to globalization by introducing this forward-looking diplomatic concept.
Earlier this year, THAAD deployment became a concrete reality in South Korea with the Lotte Group transferring land and with pieces of equipment arriving in South Korea. According to South Korean media, South Korea and the US had mutually agreed to accelerate the process and try to complete THAAD deployment before South Korea＇ s presidential election in early May.＇ THAAD deployment in South Korea is a case of the US leveraging its smart power to provoke tension in East Asia and contain on China, in order to not only materially strengthen strategic reconnaissance and monitoring over China,
The Arab Spring is supposed to be the Arab world＇s great changes and turmoil, but Iran has repeatedly become the focus in the following changes. Whether it is in the Syrian civil war, or strikes against ISIS, or the Qatar crisis, Iran repeatedly appeared. There are different attitudes towards Iran＇s behavior. The Trump administration holds the opinion that Iran is a regional peace breaker. US Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said on April 19, 2017, ＂Where there is trouble, there is Iran in the Middle East,＂ and ＂the United States must prevent Iran from building pro-Iran forces with Hizbullah mode.＂
The Belt and Road Initiative is in line with international principles of peace, development, cooperation and mutual benefit, and aims to promote the world economy. It shoulders three missions： to continue creating global development dividends, to global economic transformation, and to promote world peace and stability. It is a way for China to build a community of shared interests and a better future for humanity.
American foreign strategy has had strong continuity since World War II despite differences among successive presidents. Donald Trump＇ s 2016 presidential campaign revealed ideas and goals for US strategy and strategy adjustment that differ significantly from those of predecessors. The decline in relative gains and rise in cost for US involvement in globalization are reasons for Trump to redirect US foreign strategy. The relative decrease of both US trade and foreign direct investment in the US, amid security threats and the identity crisis of the American people, has tremendously increased the pricetag for US involvement in globalization.
In the international community, the internal ethnic issues of one country can easily spread out of its borders through the impact of internal and external factors to affect the national security of other countries, known as the spillover effect. Presently, the ethnic issues of China＇s neighboring countries that have real consequences on the country＇s national security break down mainly into four types： the internal ethnic conflict, the transnational ethnic issue, the issues related with immigrants and the collaboration of the Three Forces. The risk of spillover can be summed up according to the intensity of its effect in five categories： infiltration, springboard, spillover, immigration and harassment. As diverse ethnic issues of the neighboring countries have different effects on China＇s national security, the Chinese government must grasp the core element of each issue to formulate specific policies.
Until now the Islamic Republic of Iran＇ s adoption of an independent active deterrence strategy, a strategy based on threat assessment and self-assessment, has overall been a success. The sole exception involved Iraq in 1980 and was due to Iron＇s initial vulnerability following the revolution. As Saudi Arabia maneuvers with influence fi＇om US President Donald Trump, and given that Iran is unlikely to withdraw its military nuclear program under the existing security environment, the US and Israel ought to strengthen their nuclear deterrence capabilities against Iran. They need to issue clear, open, official retaliation commitments under a hypothetical nuclear scenario and bolster them with corresponding military and diplomatic capability.
Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, grasping the trend, with the concept of the same warmth and cold throughout the world, in the crucial moment of conflict of interest maintaining a normal state ot mind, Xi Jinping launched a new situation of a grand scale diplomacy with Chinese characteristics in a turbulent, ever-changing international situation by overcoming difficulties with an enterprising spirit.
The North Korea nuclear challenge, urgent on the US foreign policy agenda since Donald Trump took office, has prompted unilateral, bilateral and multilateral moves to address rising tension on the peninsula. The underlying logic of US policy, which in November placed the DPRK back on the list of state sponsors of terrorism, promotes negotiation by imposing Maximum Pressure and by enlisting China＇ s support. Possibly, North Korea will return to negotiations with its nuclear and missile development suspended temporarily. Other possibilities are a stalemate with North Korea joining the ranks of countries with credible nuclear deterrent, or an emerging crisis that escalates to military or other conflict. The lingering uncertainty is central to northeast Asia security.
From a theoretical point of view, Thucydides＇s Trap is the idea of realism, especially the idea of offensive realism, that changes in the international power structure will inevitably escalate to international conflict and war. As we analyze the historical origin of Thucydides＇ s Trap from the perspective of political strategy, we can see that Thucydides＇s Trap was put forward by Graham T. Allison and other western scholars, and that their understanding and analogy between Athens and Sparta, between China and the United States mainly involves three aspects： strength determinism, war benefit theory and bilateral relations theory. These three misunderstandings involve objective factors, subjective factors, and the scope of Thucydides＇s Trap. China should avoid falling into the theoretical trap of strength determinism, with great initiative to promote the sustainable development and the rise of China by adhering to the strategy of Chinese Economic Reform and Opening up, and to construct the community of common destiny, while controlling and managing a third-party factor emerging in the Sino-US bilateral relations.
Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, diplomacy with Chinese characteristics has made remarkable achievements in proposing new ideas, implementing a strategic layout and developing new cooperative platforms. Proactive initiatives, innovative progress, and win-win cooperation enjoys popular support. It is encouraging that China＇s national image and international influence have been effectively improved and wide acclaim won in the international community. Facing achievement, we should be sober-minded that the China＇s development in the future is a long-term, arduous task, coupled with various difficulties, obstacles and challenges. Only with far sight, persistence, courage, patience, and perseverance can China turn danger into safety and achieve a cause of revitalization.
Despite strong opposition from China and Russia, the US and South Korea proceeded with THAAD deployment, further escalating tension on the Korean Peninsula. As the issue developed, little attention was paid to how North Korea looked at THAAD, while more people and media reports were inclined to believe that ＂North Korea factor＂ or ＂North Korea＇ s increasing nuclear-missile threat＂ was the trigger or root cause of American and South Korean insistence on deploying THAAD. Hence, in order to help raise awareness about the actuality and course of this issue,
Since the Party＇s 18th National Congress, China has adopted a systematic, long-term foreign strategy that can seize the opportunity inherent in international order change and in China＇s increasing international status. To fully understand the importance of these new strategies, we have to take into consideration the past experiences and future development trends.
The early 21st century finds great change in international order. China＇s foreign relations have entered a new phase where its driving force is rapidly rising for the emerging countries and new global economic govemance mechanism is gradually established. To follow the trend of the times, China has actively participated in global economic govemance and supply of public goods. China＇ s foreign relations present a new vision, idea and strategy under the leadership of President Xi Jinping. It is a new starting point for China to further integrate itself into the world and open itself wider to the world. China takes an active part to participate in global governance and plays an important role in the issues of economic integration, environmental governance, climate change, nuclear nonproliferation, energy crisis, intemet security and anti-terrorism, especially anti-terrorism. This article explains the performance of international relations in current transition order and tries to tackle prior （and in some ways more intractable） issues and to analyze the internal logics and external environment of impact of multi-polarization on China＇s major power diplomacy with its characteristics in the transition of International order.
In Japan＇s support for ASEAN countries＇ connection building can be seen its policy visions in functional positioning, geographical layout and connotation constitution. As part of a systematic policy framework, Japan supports ASEAN transregional and outside-regional connections with the Mekong subregion as focal point, pushes forward metropolitan interconnection of ASEAN countries with Jakarta a priority, promotes building infrastructure, develops rules, and constructs better external environments for connectivity, all while advancing its Partnership for Quality Infrastructure to attract ASEAN countries＇ cooperation. Because of Japan＇s economic interests and geopolitical strategy toward ASEAN countries, Japan＇s policy influences China＇s Belt and Road Initiative and China should properly respond to Japan＇s actions.