Recent changes to the Mississippi State University Animal and Dairy Sciences (ADS) curriculum was designed to address the needs of today's students preparing to enter into the animal industry. The new curriculum includes the addition of a sophomore/junior level 1 h lecture course, ADS 2111 ADS Career Planning, focused on developing life skills needed for preparing for an animal science career. The course includes resume building and skill development in interviewing along with skills in job searches and preparation needed for building a strong background to impress potential employers. The course includes speakers and industry interaction along with career research activities and group discussions. To better develop and expand the new course, a survey instrument was applied to determine student demographics and interests. Students enrolled in both the spring and fall 2015 ADS 2111 ADS Career Planning course (n = 58) were asked to take a researcher-developed survey consisting of 10 questions compiled of both open-ended and forced choice questions. The majority of students taking the course were ADS majors (98%), and of those, over half (58%) were expecting to go to veterinary college, while 27% had expectations of attending graduate school. These ongoing degrees require a GPA of 3.0 or higher in which only 17% of the students in the course had a GPA below these requirements. As for practical industry experience, 88% of the students have performed an animal science internship or will be carrying out one in the coming semester. Over half of the students (54%) planned to focus their career in companion animals, including equine. ADS 1113 Animal Science was reported by 43% as being the most useful course taken at this point in their academic career. As for future courses, 39% reported the course they looked forward to most taking was the internship course, ADS 4420 ADS Internship. As for the student's assessment of the ADS 2111 ADS Career Planning course and what activities they felt were the most useful, almost half (48%) reported the development of a resume and cover letter was the most useful in their academic career with 71% admitting they had not done a cover letter before the course. In conclusion, through the survey insight was given on what would be beneficial to adding to the course and what topics in the course are worthy of expanding according to the students' interests and background.
Using traditional bibliometric indices such as the well-known journal impact factor (IFAC), as well as other more recently developed measures like the (journal) h-index and modifications, we assessed the impact of most prolific scientific journals in the field of animal and dairy science. To achieve this end, we performed a detailed investigation on the evaluation of journals quality, using a total of 50 journals selected from the category of "Agriculture, Dairy & Animal Science" included in the Thomson Reuters' (formerly Institute of Scientific Information, ISI) Web of Science. Our analysis showed that among the top journals in the field are the Journal of Dairy Research, the Journal of Dairy Science, and the Journal of Animal Science. In particular, the Journal of Animal Science, the most productive and frequently cited journal, has shown rapid development, especially in recent years. The majority of the top-tier, highly cited articles are those associated with the description of statistical methodology and the standard chemical analytical methodologies.
In human sleep studies, the probability of discomfort from the electrodes and the change in environment usually results in first-night recordings being discarded. Sleep recordings from the first night in human subjects often differ in amount of REM (rapid eye movement) sleep and the overall sleep architecture. This study investigated whether recordings of sleep states in dairy cows also show a first-night effect. Non-invasive electrophysiological recordings were carried out on nine cows of the Swedish Red breed during three consecutive 24-hour periods (recording days 1 +/- 3). Overall, cows spent 12.9 +/- 1.4 hours awake, 8.2 +/- 1 hours ruminating, 57.2 +/- 20.3 min drowsing, 44.1 +/- 20.2 min in REM sleep and 64.3 +/- 38.1 min in NREM (non-rapid eye movement) sleep (mean +/- SD) and there were no significant differences between recording days in total duration for any of the sleep and awake states. However, the bouts of REM sleep and rumination were longer, and the awake bouts were shorter, at night time compared to daytime, regardless of recording day. The awake bouts also showed an interaction effect with longer bouts at daytime during day 1 compared to daytime on day 3. Data on sleep and awake states recorded in adult dairy cows during three consecutive 24-h periods showed great variation in sleep time between cows, but total time for each state was not significantly affected by recording day. Further and more detailed studies of how sleep architecture is affected by recording day is necessary to fully comprehend the first-night effect in dairy cows.