Carbon dioxide, a vital greenhouse gas plays a key role in Earth's carbon cycle, a concentration above ambient temperature results in global warming. High CO2 emission in Universiti Tun Husein Onn Malaysia is due to an increase in a number of automobiles and other greenhouse gases released from building facilities and nearby industries. A study was carried out on 22 common trees planted within the campus on the estimated amount of CO2 sequestered. Estimation of carbon storage of trees was obtained through the assessments of standing biomass as well measurement of their photosynthetic capacity. Results indicated that Spathodea campanulata has the highest CO2 absorption (14.40 µmol/ m-2/s-1) followed by Acacia mangium (14.03 µmol/m-2/s-1), and Cananga odorata with (12.80 µmol m-2 s-1). Alstonia scholaris has the highest aboveground standing biomass accumulation of 106.94 kg, followed by Samanea saman (20.83 kg), and Acacia mangium (19.43 kg). The total biomass accumulated of all the tree species is 200.03 kg. Therefore, species of trees in Universiti Tun Husein Onn Malaysia main campus have the potential to absorb a significant amount of CO2 from the atmosphere thereby contributing to mitigating-the localized effects of global warming.
The purpose of the article is to synthesize the scientific points of view on modern approaches to pharmacological correction of radiation damage. Conducting medical treatment, aimed at eliminating the negative effects of exposure to ionizing radiation and accelerating the recovery processes in an irradiated organism requires the mandatory use of anti-radiation agents. Today there is a reasonable division of all anti-radiation drugs into pharmacoprophylactic and pharmacotherapeutic. The means of preventing radiation damage include three classes of drugs – radioprotectors, radio modulators and radio modifiers. Special attention is paid to preparations of early pathogenetic therapy (radiomitigators) and the means of therapy of delayed effects of the radiation factor. The modern classification of the rather wide range of medicines with anti-radiation effects, which greatly complicates the holistic perception of their compartmentalization, taking into account their practical significance in specific scenarios of radiation damage, is compiled.
The article presents the results of the study on the formation of an independent opinion of the reliability of financial accounting, which is reflected in the auditor’s report and is based on his intermediate conclusions. It has been established that determining the sufficiency of evidence presents a problem that consists in the auditor’s decision on the extent to which they are sufficient to prove the accuracy of his opinion as to the reliability of financial accounting. The study of methodological approaches to assessing the adequacy of audit evidence in the process of performing the audit task was conducted in order to provide evidence of the audit opinion regarding the reliability of the statements of management personnel, contained in the financial report indicators. The article presents the results of the research of scientific approaches concerning the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of audit evidence. Based on the analysis of the provisions of the International Standards on Quality Control, Audit, Inspection, Other Assurance and Related Services (ISA) and literary sources, the main criteria for evaluating audit evidence were identified, their content and terms of security were determined. The relationship between audit procedures and qualitative aspects of financial reporting was considered. Taking into account the requirements of the rules for assessing the reliability of the evidence, provided by the ISA 500 “Audit Evidence”, division of evidence into more and less reliable was made; generalized factors for the consideration in the process of assessing the reliability of evidence were generated. The process of assessing evidence at the stages of the audit task was considered and a conceptual model for assessing the adequacy of audit evidence was constructed. On the basis of the conducted research, it was concluded that the evidence of the auditor’s judgment regarding the chosen form of the audit opinion depends directly on the results of the integrated assessment of the collected audit evidence at all stages of the audit task. The results of the study provide an opportunity to adequately elaborate the process of planning the audit procedures, for the purpose of obtaining relevant audit evidence, their assessment of compliance with the established criteria, the auditor’s making well-grounded decisions, which will reduce the risks of errors in the auditor’s judgment.
Enormous investments had been made in Malaysian education sector of the economy especially in the higher education towards fulfilling a target of creating an attractive environment, conducive to learning and academic excellence. Building facilities account for a significant portion of investments in the sector. Since no building has immunity against fire, it has become imperative to research ways of ensuring the safety of built facilities and users from fire disaster. This research proposed a framework for effective fire safety management for buildings in Malaysian Higher Education Institutions. The report aims to display the results of the pilot study conducted among staff and students from selected universities in Johor Malaysia before carrying out the core survey to collect information from respondents. The pilot study sought to minimise errors in the questionnaire, makes the survey runs smoothly, facilitate the response rate, and provide a useful and valuable inquiry. The results include the descriptive statistics, reliability test, content and construct validity, and the normality test. The summary of the reliability test for each construct of the users’ questionnaire, are Management, 0.910; fire safety equipment/system, 0.907; building components safety design, 0.917. Furthermore, users’ awareness and knowledge of fire safety, 0.948; users’ attitude on fire safety, 0.885 and the effectiveness of fire safety management have a value 0.913 for Cronbach’s Alpha Coefficient. The aggregate Descriptive Statistics results for Users/Occupants Questionnaire show mean values between the ranges of 3.34 to 3.76. The questionnaire had low dispersion and standard deviation values of less than 1. The values of skewness and kurtosis were all within the recommended threshold of -/+2, an indication that all the constructs of the study were normally distributed. The results are a favourable indicator for proceeding with the core survey using the instrument.
Trends in the modern world are always reflected in the language of every nation. The Ukrainian language is changing extremely fast, many words become archaisms, but new artifacts are emerging. This process is explained, among the other factors, by the extensive use of computer technologies, everyday virtual communication, which contributed to the introduction of a certain trend for the use of the English-language slang by the Ukrainians and the introduction of new taxons in the Ukrainian language. The purpose of the article is to reveal the influence of the English-language slang on the contemporary Ukrainian language. The theoretical significance of the work lies in the fact that its provisions and conclusions concretize and deepen the linguistic ideas about the relationship between languages, the way of introduction and translation of borrowings. The practical application of the research results is possible in the professional activities of translators, in the practice of translation and in the development of dictionaries of the modern Ukrainian language. The paper presents the examples of formation and use of slang words in the English-language sphere, outlines the use of polysemantic words or phrases both in the English-language discourse and in the speech of the Ukrainians. In the course of the study, it was found that, as a rule, slang gets into the vocabulary of the Ukrainian language by borrowing, more often – by scraping or transcribing, sometimes it is possible to use a descriptive translation or to add explanations to the text. The article gives the examples of the use of popular English-language slang in the Ukrainian discourse, in particular, in social networks, TV broadcasts, journalistic texts, or everyday conversations.
The article is devoted to the linguistic peculiarities of media texts in the financial sphere focusing on the field of social media. Hereby we define two groups of lexical units that we are considering by media texts - characterizing lexical units and identifying lexical units. I also give here a detailed scientific description of each group composition, including examples taken from media texts. An integrated approach to the analysis of Russian-language and English-language media texts led to the conclusion about the most frequently used means of nominating realities, objects and phenomena in the sphere of credit and financial activity.
Transport infrastructure is paraphernalia that helps in curtailing urban sprawl in municipal cities and it also lessens traffic overcrowding and air effluence. It equally promotes high-density development in addition to more affordable accommodation all over developed countries. This article reviews and evaluates the range of study outcomes established by the emerging frontier of knowledge delving on the capitalization effects of transport-oriented development on real estate prices. The effect of transport system services on accommodation price has been investigated from numerous viewpoints employing several rigorous statistical tools. Based on the findings of the existing literature, there are two broad kinds of impacts that closeness to a transport system can have on the value of housing accommodations: accessibility benefits (experienced in close proximity to transit services) might increase housing values, while nuisance qualities (experienced in transit-oriented facilities) could equally have a negative outcome on apartment prices. Owing to the contradictory nature of these simultaneous effects, findings from numerous empirical investigations have been opposing or open to debate. The reviewed empirical studies provide policymakers with new-fangled empirical evidence as well as analytical tools to re-examine value capture as a financing option and to transform, modify, improve, reorganize and restructure investment strategies or opportunities for rail transit services. Property development and construction companies may perhaps be able to make a decision on where to erect real estate for profit maximization and sales. Transportation planning and urban development authorities, conversely, might be able to obtain and distribute tax income based on the ease of access benefit and nuisance effects.
Managing digital identities and access control for enterprise users and applications remains one of the greatest challenges facing computing today. An attempt to address this issue led to the proposed security paradigm called Identity and Access Management (IAM) service based on IAM standards. Current approaches such as Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP), Central Authentication Service (CAS) and Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML) lack comprehensive analysis from conception to physical implementation to incorporate these solutions thereby resulting in impractical and fractured solutions. In this paper, we have implemented Identity and Access Management System (IAMSys) using the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) which focuses on authentication, authorization, administration of identities and audit reporting. Its primary concern is verification of the identity of the entity and granting correct level of access for resources which are protected in either the cloud environment or on-premise systems. A phased approach methodology was used in the research where it requires any enterprise or organization willing to adopt this must carry out a careful planning and demonstrated a good understanding of the technologies involved. The results of the experimental evaluation indicated that the average rating score is 72.0 % for the participants involved in this study. This implies that the idea of IAMSys is a way to mitigating security challenges associated with authentication, authorization, data protection and accountability if properly deployed.
The article is devoted to the problem of repeatability associated with ideas about the nonlinear flow of time. It has been shown on the material of Mikhail Shishkin’s novel “Venus’s Hair” that modern prose is a space for the imposition of discursive codes, defined by us as polydiscursivity. The purpose of the study is to establish the role of precedent statements in an artistic text. The relevance of the article is explained by the insufficiently developed theory of polydiscourse, as well as the ability to determine the role of this language phenomenon in the formulation of artistic discourse. A polydiscourse statement is constructed as a reference to a wide cultural context and is realized in metadiscourse (in the discourse about the discourse itself), as well as in interdiscourse interaction with pretext, suggesting an appeal to the collective language experience. It is believed that the artistic utterance is organized on the basis of precedent texts: cultural artifacts, autoreference fragments (explication of the instances of the author and reader, self-repetition, reflection on his own statement), appeals to historical facts, etc. A special role in such an art space is played by repetition, the presence of which actualizes the problem of the original and the copy. Polydiscursive inclusions raise the problem of the original and the copy, which finds the original solution in the text of “Venus’s Hair”: any experience perceived as personal becomes an integral part of the individual’s self-consciousness. Any conventional utterance is placed somewhere between the categories of “own” and “alien”: being reflected, acquired, it becomes the “property” of the person, but remains open and accessible to everyone who speaks.
The problems of the development and interaction of civilizations have been of great interest to the representatives of various scientific fields for a long time. The period of the second half of the 18th - the first half of the 19th century was the time of the formation and development of predominantly linear stage theory of civilization. At the same time, certain provisions of the theory of local civilizations began to evolve and the idea of a multidirectional historical process began to develop, but the latter had not yet acquired an independent status. The paper attempts to outline the theory of civilizations proposed by François Guizot, whose activity created the prerequisites for the emergence of theories of local civilizations, or ethnographic theories of civilization, and Joseph Gobineau, who initiated his racial anthropological theory. In the course of the research, the comparative historical method, the methodology of philosophical hermeneutics, as well as the anthropological integrative approach were applied.