Rationale: This study reviewed the use of a combination of meshed dermis graft and cultured epithelial autografts (CEA) made in Japan "JACE" (JACE; Japan Tissue Engineering Co., Ltd. Japan) for the treatment of massively burns. JACE is a Green-type CEA. We recently described a method in which we prepare the wound bed for burned patients by using artificial dermis and graft with JACE on a meshed 6:1 split-thickness autograft. In this report, we used a meshed 3:1 split-thickness dermis graft without epithelial cells. There are several reports of combination of using CEA on meshed split-thickness autograft, however this is the first report of using CEA on meshed split- thickness dermis graft. Patient concerns and diagnosis: Between March 2015 and August 2017, 3 burn patients were enrolled in this study. The patients ranged in age from 51 to 66 years. All 3 patients suffered severe burn injury that caused by flame.% Total Body Surface Area (TBSA) burned were ranged from 37.5% to 69%. Interventions: All patients received surgical treatment with tangential excision within a week from admission. We implanted artificial dermis immediately after debridement. Basically, we applied meshed 6:1 split-thickness autografts to the wound bed and covered with JACE. However, in the absence of split-thickness autografts, we used a meshed 3:1 split-thickness dermis graft instead of a meshed 6:1 split-thickness autograft. Outcomes: At 3 weeks after the transplantation of JACE, the take rate for JACE sheets was >60% on the meshed 3:1 split-thickness dermis graft. Furthermore, almost all of the burn wounds had healed at 6 weeks after surgery. Lessons: We observed good results by grafting JACE on meshed 3:1 dermis graft. With this new method, it is possible to cover a large burn wound by harvesting tissue from only a small site.
Cultured meat grown in-vitro from animal cells is being developed as a way of addressing many of the ethical and environmental concerns associated with conventional meat production. As commercialisation of this technology appears increasingly feasible, there is growing interest in the research on consumer acceptance of cultured meat. We present a systematic review of the peer-reviewed literature, and synthesize and analyse the findings of 14 empirical studies. We highlight demographic variations in consumer acceptance, factors influencing acceptance, common consumer objections, perceived benefits, and areas of uncertainty. We conclude by evaluating the most important objections and benefits to consumers, as well as highlighting areas for future research.
What's already known about this topic? Currently, there is no definitive treatment for recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB). Cell‐based therapy is a promising approach to treat the wounds of patients with RDEB. Amniotic membrane has been used in dressing and promoting closure of epidermolysis bullosa wounds. What does this study add? In this study, the effects of intradermal injection of cultured allogeneic fibroblasts in healing RDEB wounds were compared with those of fibroblasts seeded on amniotic membrane scaffolds (FAMS). In treated areas (using intradermal fibroblast injection or FAMS) the qualitative wound scores and wound size were significantly decreased. After 2 and 12 weeks of treatment, wound size was significantly decreased in wounds that were treated with fibroblast injection compared with those treated with FAMS. Plain language summary available online
Umbilical cord blood (UCB) provides an alternative source for hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) in the treatment of hematological malignancies. However, clinical usage is limited due to the low quantity of HSPCs in each unit of cord blood and defects in bone marrow homing. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) is among the more recently explored methods used to improve UCB homing and engraftment. HBO works by lowering the host erythropoietin before UCB infusion to facilitate UCB HSPC homing, because such UCB cells are not directly exposed to HBO. In this study, we examined how direct treatment of UCB-CD34 cells with HBO influences their differentiation, proliferation and transmigration. Using a locally designed HBO chamber, freshly enriched UCB-CD34 cells were exposed to 100% oxygen at 2.5 atmospheres absolute pressure for 2 h before evaluation of proliferative capacity, migration toward a stromal cell–derived factor 1 gradient and lineage differentiation. Our results showed that HBO treatment diminishes proliferation and transmigration of UCB-CD34 cells. Treatment was also shown to limit the ultimate differentiation of these cells toward an erythrocyte lineage. As a potential mechanism for these findings, we also investigated HBO effects on the relative concentration of cytoplasmic and nucleic reactive oxygen species (ROS) and on erythropoietin receptor (Epo-R) and CXCR4 expression. HBO-treated cells showed a relative increase in nucleic ROS but no detectable differences in the level of Epo-R nor CXCR4 expression were established compared with non-treated cells. In summary, HBO amplifies the formation of ROS in DNA of UCB-CD34 cells, potentially explaining their reduced proliferation, migration and erythrocytic differentiation.
Argyrosomus regius was recently introduced in European aquaculture as a promising species for diversification and with high potential for expansion in the coming years. The reports on pathologies affecting this species are still scarce in the bibliography, however, they can severely affect production and result in major economic losses. Some few reports were made on outbreaks and mortalities associated with the presence of bacteria such as Vibrio anguillarum and Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida . Although no viral diseases have been recognized as affecting meagre, it is known that meagre can be an asymptomatic carrier of two genotypes of nodavirus, the striped jack nervous necrosis virus and red‐spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus. Up‐to‐date, parasites affecting meagre are included in the genera Monogenea, Nematoda and Dinoflagelate, but without major mortality outbreaks associated to this type of infections. Osteological deformities have been observed in all life stages particularly affecting the axial system in larval and early juvenile specimens, with a higher incidence in the vertebral column, being affected by vertebral fusions, lordosis and kyphosis. With this review the authors provide an overview of all the pathological and non‐pathological diseases affecting aquaculture produced meagre and provide a comprehensive overview of possible problems for the industry.
The cell extracts of two cultured freshwater Nostoc spp., UIC 10279 and UIC 10366, both from the suburbs of Chicago, showed antiproliferative activity against MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-435 cancer cell lines. Bioassay-guided fractionation led to the isolation of five glycosylated cylindrocyclophanes, named ribocyclophanes A-E (1-5) and cylindrocyclophane D (6). The structure determination was carried out by HRESIMS and 1D and 2D NMR analyses and confirmed by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. The structures of ribocyclophanes A-E (1-5) contain a beta-D-ribopyranose glycone in the rare C-1(4) conformation. Among isolated compounds, ribocyclophane D (4) showed antiproliferative activity against MDA-MB-435 and MDA-MB-231 cancer cells with an IC50 value of less than 1 mu M.
The aim of this study was to compare the spermatozoa quality parameters in spermatozoa of RAS (Recirculating Aquaculture System; RAS group) cultured (commercial pellets) and natural condition cultured (WILD group) burbot (live prey, ). Seven of nine fish of the RAS group produced sperm, with sperm from only four of the fish having a motility of >5%. Sperm were collected from all nine fish of the WILD group, and sperm of six of the fish from the WILD group had motility of about 100% and three had sperm with 50% to 60% motility. Spermatozoa from the RAS group had a delay in activation compared to the WILD group. Fish from the RAS group also had a lesser volume of sperm (1.8 ± 1.2 mL) collected compared to the WILD group (3.6 ± 1.2 mL). Compared to the RAS group, sperm of the WILD group had a greater proportion of saturated fatty acids (SFA), as well as the phospholipid, phosphatidylethanolamine. The findings indicate that fish grown in natural conditions may be more suitable as broodstock. Ongoing research to develop methods of enhancing reproductive performance of burbot broodstock cultured in RAS is needed to investigate whether the quality of sperm can be improved by adjusting environmental conditions, diet, or combination of these factors.