Anestrous lighthorse mares were treated in December with dihydrotestosterone (DHT; 150 micrograms/kg of body weight), progesterone (P; 164 micrograms/kg), both DHT and P (DHT+P), testosterone (T; 150 micrograms/kg), or vehicle (n = 4/group). Daily blood sampling was started on Day 1, and on Day 4 all mares were administered a pretreatment injection of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and were bled frequently to characterize the responses of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) concentrations. Treatment injections were given on Day 4 and then daily through Day 17. On Day 18, all mares were again administered GnRH and were bled frequently. Treatment of mares with DHT, P, or T increased (p less than 0.01) plasma concentrations of these steroids to approximately 1.5 ng/ml during the last 10 days of treatment. There was no effect (p greater than 0.10) of treatment on LH or FSH concentrations in daily blood samples. Relative to the pretreatment GnRH injection, mares treated with T or DHT+P secreted approximately 65% more (p less than 0.01) FSH in response to the post-treatment GnRH injection; FSH response to the second GnRH injection was not altered (p greater than 0.10) in control mares or in DHT- or P-treated mares. There was no effect of any steroid treatment on LH secretion after administration of GnRH (p greater than 0.10). Averaged over all mares, approximately 94 times more FSH than LH was secreted in response to injection of GnRH.