National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  登录 机构网站 ENGLISH
您当前的位置是:首页->详细浏览

期刊名称: ORYX
Volume:50    Issue:1        Page:156-162
ISSN:0030-6053

A cat among the dogs: Leopard Panthera pardus diet in a human-dominated landscape in western Maharashtra, India期刊论文

作者: Athreya Vidya Odden Morten Linnell John D.C Krishnaswamy Jagdish Karanth K. Ullas
DOI:10.1017/S0030605314000106

服务链接:
页码: 156-162
被引频次: 35
出版者: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS,Cambridge University Press
期刊名称: ORYX
ISSN: 0030-6053
卷期: Volume:50    Issue:1
语言: English
摘要: The ecology and predator-prey dynamics of large felids in the tropics have largely been studied in natural systems where wild ungulates constitute the majority of the prey base. However, human-dominated landscapes can be rich in potential prey for large carnivores because of the high density of domestic animals, especially in tropical countries where pastoralism is an important livelihood activity. We report the almost complete dependence of leopards Panthera pardus on domestic animals as prey in the crop lands of Ahmednagar district, Maharashtra, India. From analysis of 85 confirmed leopard scats, 87% of the leopard's prey biomass consisted of domestic animals, with 39% consisting of domestic dogs Canis lupus familiaris alone. The only wild species that occurred in the leopard's diet were rodents, small indian civet Viverricula indica, bonnet macaque Macaca radiata and other primates Semnopithecus spp., mongoose Herpestes spp., and birds. Interviews conducted in 77 households distributed randomly in the study area documented a high density of domestic animals: adult cattle Bos taurus, calves, goats Capra aegagrus, dogs and cats Felis catus occurred at densities of 169, 54, 174, 24 and 61 per km(2), respectively. Ivlev's electivity index indicated that dogs and cats were over-represented in the leopard's diet, given the higher densities of goats and cattle. The standing biomass of dogs and cats alone was sufficient to sustain the high density of carnivores at the study site. Our results show that the abundance of potential domestic prey biomass present in human-use areas supports a relatively high density of predators, although this interaction could result in conflict with humans.
相关主题: Panthera pardus, leopard, diet, Conflict, human-dominated landscape, domestic dog, NATIONAL-PARK, WORLDWIDE, LARGE CARNIVORES, PREY, CONSERVATION, DENSITIES, ECOLOGY, TIGER RESERVE, BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION, BLACK BEARS, FOOD,

相关文献推荐:

问图书管理员更多图书管理员

学科咨询馆员
学科馆员

电话:
邮件:
问图书馆员

图标说明

在线获取原文 原文传递 详细信息 图书在架状态 图书馆际互借 问图书馆员

常见问题

图书馆开放时间 图书馆位置 借阅要求 您在使用中发现的任何错误,都可以向我们 【报告错误】,非常感谢!

作者信息:×