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Profiles in Driver Distraction: Effects of Cell Phone Conversations on Younger and Older Drivers期刊论文

作者: Strayer David L Drews Frank A

页码: 640-649
被引频次: 235
出版者: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society,SAGE Publications,HUMAN FACTORS SOC
ISSN: 0018-7208
卷期: Volume:46    Issue:4
语言: English
摘要: Our research examined the effects of hands-free cell phone conversations on simulated driving. We found that driving performance of both younger and older adults was influenced by cell phone conversations. Compared with single-task (i.e., drivingonly) conditions, when drivers used cell phones their reactions were 18% slower, their following distance was 12% greater, and they took 17% longer to recover the speed that was lost following braking. There was also a twofold increase in the number of rear-end collisions when drivers were conversing on a cell phone. These cellphone-induced effects were equivalent for younger and older adults, suggesting that older adults do not suffer a significantly greater penalty for talking on a cell phone while driving than compared with their younger counterparts. Interestingly, the net effect of having younger drivers converse on a cell phone was to make their average reactions equivalent to those of older drivers who were not using a cell phone. Actual or potential applications of this research include providing guidance for recommendations and regulations concerning the use of mobile technology while driving.
相关主题: ATTENTION, TASK, PERFORMANCE, PSYCHOLOGY, APPLIED, BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES, ERGONOMICS, PSYCHOLOGY, Psychomotor Performance, Age Factors, Risk Assessment, Humans, Male, Reaction Time, Awareness - physiology, Attention - physiology, Adolescent, Reflex, Startle, Adult, Female, Speech, Aged, Cell Phone, Automobile Driving, Task Performance and Analysis, Accidents, Traffic - prevention & control, Cohort Studies, Psychological aspects, Usage, Automobile driving, Cellular telephones, Teenage automobile drivers, Human experimentation in psychology, Aged automobile drivers, Motor vehicle driving, Automobile drivers, Young adults, Simulation, Human factors research, Human performance, Older people, Traffic accidents & safety,






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